When it comes to nuisance pests, bed bugs are among the worst ones. Although they are considered less harmful than others since they do not carry or transmit diseases, still they can be so bothersome that having them inside your home will never give you peace of mind.
What are bed bugs like?
First, these creatures are so tiny that they are seldom spotted by the naked eye. They are reddish brown in color with oval shaped bodies. Second, they become particularly active during night time when most people are fast asleep. Next, these nocturnal pests survive by sucking human blood. Moreover, their bites can be extremely itchy and most people tend to scratch the bite marks so much that they become restless and the bites become inflamed and infected.
Signs of Bed Bugs
The indications of bed bugs are distinct but subtle. That is why early bed bug detection is not common. Usually, people react and do something once they suffer more bite marks and see the live bed bugs themselves. Since it is not every day that we can locate these pests on broad daylight, catching a sight of even one bed bug is enough proof that there’s plenty more around. Aside from the flat red welts caused bed bug bites, here are other signs of bed bug activity:
● An offensive musty odor lingering in the air
You will know that bed bugs have already grown in number and have spread in your room once you notice a strong mildew stench lingering in the atmosphere. The odor is similar to that of old locker rooms or damp towels that have been for days. This unpleasant smell is produced when the bed bugs’ scent glands release pheromones.
● Tiny bloods stains on mattress, beddings, and sleeping clothes
Bed bugs relish their blood meal for approximately 10 minutes before they turn rounder and redder after filling their bodies with blood. Sometimes, they would spill some blood on pillow cases or sheets or their sleeping victim would accidentally roll over them leaving them squashed on the mattress. Blood stains can therefore be seen on some areas of the bed and even on your pajamas.
● Fecal matter that looks like dark brown or black spots on mattress, linens, and other fabric
Just like other pests, bed bugs leave their feces behind places they go to or hide. Their dark fecal matters look like the dark spots made by a black marker. These spots may be found on the sides of mattress and in all potential hiding areas including walls, wall papers, and old newspapers.
● Molted skins
Bed bugs shed skin five times in their lifetime before they can fully transform into an adult. That is why it is normal to see their exoskeletons scattered in their hiding spots such drawers, headboards, box springs, bed frames, and cracks on walls.
Bed Bug Prevention and Treatment
To completely get rid of bed bugs requires a substantial amount of efforts as well as crucial treatment procedures. Some methods to treat an infestation can be done on your at home while other treatments have to conducted by licensed pest control professionals. Some of the bed bug removal options include the following:
With 95 to 100 percent efficacy rate, bed bug heat treatment or heat remediation is more preferred for treating bed bugs. It is a lot safer to use mainly because it does not necessitate the utilization of chemicals, which can be harmful to other beneficial organisms in the environment. Moreover, it is more convenient to carry out since it is only performed once. To do the bed bug heat treatment procedure, pest control experts simply install specialized heaters inside the infested room. Through wireless sensors and remote thermometers, a room temperature of not lower than 120 degrees Fahrenheit is maintained and circulated around the treated zone. Within 4-10 hours, your minute nemeses will be eradicated for good.
2. Chemical Treatment
When it comes to bed bug removal, chemical treatment is also effective although it involves using chemicals to eliminate the bed bugs. Chemical insecticides recommended by experts certainly kill bed bugs; however, some bed bug populations have been found to be resistant to chemicals. Thus, according to experts, combining the pesticides with other chemical classes is the way to go. Furthermore, chemical treatment requires two follow-up treatment sessions after the initial treatment to ensure total elimination of the bugs.
Getting rid of bed bugs also necessitate cleaning up your home and removing clutter and unused objects as these can serve as potential shelters for bed bugs. Homeowners also need to make their beds unattractive and inaccessible to those sneaky critters. To protect your bed, you must not place it directly against the wall where bed bugs could be crawling and hiding. Also, you need to thoroughly inspect your mattress, including its seams and sides, headboard, and other parts of your bed frame for signs of bed bugs. Additionally, you may apply high heat when washing and drying your clothes, linens, sheets, and all washable items in your bedroom.
All these things help you keep bed bugs away and finally get that peaceful sleep you deserve. The bottom-line is to make sure you do away with all the potential hiding spots and seal or block those crevices or gaps on walls, furniture, and other home structures.